There are four types of wedges named pitching, gap, sand, and rob. Are you confused? Don’t worry; we will explain the main difference between golf wedges and some essential characteristics.
Golf wedges are the most important clubs in your bag. A golfer uses the golf wedges in more than 50% of the shots he plays in a par. So, perfecting it may improve your game.
Types of Wedges
There are four types of wedges.
The pitching wedge is the lowest lofted. Generally, it is between 44 to 48 degrees, and it has a little or no bounce. Hence, it covers the longest distance and low trajectory compared to the other wedges. It covers more than 100 meters.
Golfer use it to hit the longer chip strokes to the greens. You can use a full swing with it.
It is usually comes with the set of irons. It is one of the basic irons that golfer carries.
The concept of gap wedge originated to fill the gap between the pitching wedge and sand wedge. The main reason behind this gap is the loft of pitching wedges decreased over time to cover more distance. It named gap wedges because it fills the gap.
It has the loft around 48 to 53 degrees and moderate bounce. Generally, it covers a distance of approximately 90 to 110 meters. You can use It from the fairway or rough.
It doesn’t come with an iron set, so you have to buy it. You must purchase it according to the degree of your PW and SW.
The sand wedges have loft around 54 to 58 degrees. It offers a higher trajectory but doesn’t travel more than those hit with a pitching wedge or a gap wedge. It covers about 80 to 100 yards.
Golfers use it to hit out the ball from a bunker or a sand trap. It isn’t preferred to use full swing with this wedge; otherwise, your ball will travel over your target.
This wedge doesn’t come with the set of iron, so you have to buy it.
The lob wedge is the highest lofted wedge. It has a 60 to 65 degrees loft. Thus, it doesn’t travel a long distance, and it has a higher trajectory.
This wedge is useful around the green. When you hit the ball with a lob wedge, It creates a very steep angle. Which helps hit the stroke with more height & spin. It is also helpful for the shot which you want to roll on the green.
Which Wedges Do Beginners Need?
The one big question that hit your mind is, what next what wedges should I carry? Remember, When you buy a new set, there will be a pitching wedge included in it. As a beginner in the golf, you won’t need all these wedges except pitching wedge. You can also take a sand wedge in your bag if you want, but it isn’t necessary to have one. You can buy a sand wedge if you have improved your handicap. Pro players carry the Gap wedges and lob wedges in the bags.
If you are a beginner, then you are not advised to pick gap wedges and lob wedges. Remember, you have to learn the necessary golf clubs first. These clubs are for specialized use. Once you got enough practice of basic clubs, then a sand wedge should be your first option.
If you are carrying ten irons in your golf bag, you can add all four wedges. If you have eleven clubs, you can add pitching, gap, and sand wedge. Adding more wedges to your bag will allow you to use a specific wedge for a particular shot.
If you are opting for more than one wedges, then the difference should have four degrees of loft. It will help you to use these for deferent shots.
Characteristics of Wedges
Wedges are the most lofted clubs in your bag. Sometimes we identify wedge by their loft rather than by their name. The loft is the angle of the clubface to an imaginary vertical surface. Loft affects the trajectory of the ball, and the distance it will travel after stroke.
If a club comes with more loft means more elevation on your shot. It will produce a higher trajectory and less distance in the air as you can see in the wedges loft chart. Higher the loft will create more backspin, which in result, roll less when it hit the ground.
The bounce is the area that hits the ground as you hit the ball. Hence, it bounces the club through the surface when you hit the ball. Bounce is the angle from the leading edge to the point where the club’s sole meets the turf.
Low Bounce Wedges
These wedges have a bounce of 4 to 6 degrees. It is ideal for the bunkers with the coarse sand and firm turf conditions. These wedges usually come in a lower loft range.
Mid Bounce Wedges
These wedges have ranged between 7 to 10 degrees of bounce. It is ideal for the firm to normal turf and around the green. Players choose it to create chips and pitch shots around the green. Mid bounce wedges are suitable for all swing types.
High Bounce Wedges
The last type of wedges has more than 10 degrees of bounce. These wedges are ideal for fluffy lies, softer turf, and bunker with soft sand. When you hit the ball with a high bounce wedge, it creates a lot of spins.
A wedge grind is the removal of the material form the sole and the extra shaping of the sole around the heel. It allows the face of the wedge to sit lower to the ground, making it easy to open the face when you go for the stroke.
It is always better to take advice from a professional before going for the grind as it also changes the bounce of the sole.
These groves help in increasing the spin on the ball and producing an ideal shot trajectory. It also gives a channel of escape to the debris and makes complete contact with the ball’s face.
USGA and R&A have restricted the volume and edge radius of the grooves. Now, there are two types of grooves on the wedges. These are vintage finish and laser-etching.
Wedges come with a variety of finishes—it including chrome, black nickel, beryllium copper, rusty or raw, and nickel-coated.
The finish doesn’t add any value to the characteristics of the wedges. It is to give a distinct look and color, and You can choose according to your personnel preference.
Use of a Wedge
In general, wedges used when you are near the green and want to hit a very high arching shot. For example, if you need to get over a tree or a massive bunker, then a golf wedge comes in handy. The golf wedges have a high trajectory and backspin that it tends to roll very little once it hit the ground.
All four wedges made to use in particular conditions. As we already mentioned, we can use the wedges according to the type of trajectory we want to get from our stroke.
Golf around the green plays a vital role in your game. Wedges are the type of clubs that help you most around the green. Remember, don’t go with all wedges if you started playing your game and you must understand the Difference in Golf Wedges before buying one. Start with pitching wedge, and as you improve your game, get your hands in other wedges.
So, master your wedge game and be ready to rock in the course.